What is a Proffer Session and How Can it Help or Hurt Me?

A proffer session, also known as a proffer agreement or proffer letter, is a process in which a defendant or their attorney provides information to the prosecution about their knowledge of a crime or other criminal activities. Here’s how a proffer session works and how it can potentially help or hurt you:

1.  Purpose of a Proffer Session: The purpose of a proffer session is for the defendant or their attorney to provide information to the prosecution in exchange for potential benefits, such as immunity, a reduced sentence, or the possibility of charges being dropped. The information shared during a proffer session may include details about the defendant’s involvement in the crime, their knowledge of other criminal activities, or information about co-conspirators.

2.  Proffer Agreement: Before participating in a proffer session, the defendant and their attorney typically enter into a proffer agreement with the prosecution. This agreement establishes the terms and conditions of the session, including the scope of the information to be disclosed, the limitations on the use of the information, and any potential benefits offered by the prosecution.

3.  Confidentiality of the Proffer: The information disclosed during a proffer session is typically protected by the proffer agreement, which limits the use of that information against the defendant. However, it’s important to note that any false statements or omissions made during the proffer can potentially be used against the defendant in future proceedings.

4.  Benefits of a Proffer Session: By providing valuable information to the prosecution, a defendant may be able to negotiate more favorable terms in their case. This can include immunity from prosecution, a reduced sentence, or the possibility of having charges dropped or amended. A successful proffer session can potentially help in resolving the case more favorably and may even lead to cooperation agreements or plea negotiations.

5.  Risks of a Proffer Session: While a proffer session can offer potential benefits, there are risks involved as well. If the defendant provides incomplete or false information during the proffer, it can harm their credibility and potentially lead to additional charges, or a loss of the benefits negotiated. It’s crucial to be honest and forthright during the session and to consult with an attorney throughout the process to ensure your rights are protected.

6.  Decision and Strategy: Whether or not to participate in a proffer session is a significant decision that should be made in consultation with your attorney. They can assess the strength of the prosecution’s case, evaluate the potential benefits and risks of a proffer session, and advise you on the best course of action based on your specific circumstances.


To summarize, here are some of the potential benefits of a proffer session:

  • It can help you avoid being charged with a crime or to get a reduced charge.
  • It can help you get a better understanding of the case against you.
  • It can help you negotiate a plea agreement.
  • It can help you build a defense case.

Here are some of the potential risks of a proffer session:

  • You could make incriminating statements that could be used against you at trial.
  • The prosecutors could use the information provided in the proffer session to charge you with additional crimes.
  • You could waive your right to remain silent.
  • You could be required to testify against others.

Overall, a proffer session can be a strategic tool for the defendant to potentially secure benefits in exchange for providing valuable information or cooperation to the prosecution. However, the decision to participate should be made after careful consideration and in consultation with your attorney to fully understand the potential implications and protect your legal rights.

Member: American Bar Association